The obstacles to becoming an adept yogi are sleep, laziness and disease. One has to remove these by the root and throw them away … Asana will help all this. To acquire this skill, recite the following slokam every day before practicing yoga. – Yoga Makaranda (II.3)
maṇi bhrātphaṇā sahasravighṛtaviśvaṁ
bharā maṇḍalāyānantāya nāgarājāya namaḥ
Salutations to the king of the Nagas,
to the infinite, to the bearer of the mandala,
who spreads out the universe with thousands
of hooded heads, set with blazing, effulgent jewels.
(Listen to Richard Freeman chanting.)
In Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras (I.30) there are nine obstacles to the practice listed.
How we practice
When we commit to practice, we soon understand that we’ve undertaken a lifelong pursuit. What can sometimes take longer to perceive is that it’s a twenty-four hour one as well, including weekends. We don’t take time off.
The first obstacle, disease or illness (vyadhi), is perhaps the most universal. We can all recall when it’s been nearly impossible to get off of the couch/floor/toilet/bed, let alone onto a mat or cushion. So the question arises: “What is practice? What does it look like, what does it feel like, when we’re sick?”
I recently experienced a stomach bug while travelling, and have front line recommendations for the question. Ethan Nichtern of the ID Project shared his own list with his sangha which is worth checking out as well.
1) Savasana – truly use the time to be quiet, still, resting and inwards. Avoid the habit embedded in us since childhood of turning to TV or movies. If you can’t get up, truly be down. Since I was travelling, I did not have my Netflix queue nor my stash of comfort reading. I had no choice but to savasana, and it was delightful.
2) Notice – just as you would in practice, pay attention to the thoughts and stories that come up while you’re sick. How did this happen? How much longer will this last? When I get better I’ll take X action. Let go of ruminations. Notice tendencies towards judgement or blame. Cultivate the positive, calm, healing thoughts.
3) Movement – therapeutic stretching for parts of the body that get strained, constrained, or achy with illness can be a sweet relief. Simple, slow, and easy –a few neck rolls or hips movements can suffice.
At the first signs of illness I know many people go to a yoga class in the hopes it will move the illness through. Sometimes that works. Sometimes it doesn’t. If you have this thought, practice at home so as not to potentially spread what’s brewing. In many illnesses, it’s the beginning period when you’re most contagious.
4) Breath – sometimes it’s the only thing you can pay attention to that isn’t painful. It can be an important anchor. And sometimes you can barely make a full round of breath. Paying particular attention to the end of the exhale during pain can give you a small moment of oasis.
5) Experiment – the next time you’re not feeling well, bring in this question and see for yourself how practice shifts with you.
How we’re called
We never know how we will be called to take care of others. We never know when we are going to need others to care for us. What we know is that both will happen. People we love will get sick, they will need care. We will get sick, we will need care.
Our practice can prepare us to be receptive and open to meet another when they are in the hospital or the bathroom floor or the couch. Our practice can help us cultivate deeper and deeper relationships, and the ability to ask for help. It can teach us to rest and be still. There are so many ways in which our practice can serve us when we’re called. We can use that as motivation to truly give our hearts to our paths.
How joy enters
Thich Nhat Hanh, in his essay ‘The Peace of the Divine Reality’, writes: “When I have a toothache, I discover that not having a toothache is a wonderful thing. That is peace. I had to have a toothache in order to be enlightened, to know that not having one is wonderful. My nontoothache is peace, is joy. But when I do not have a toothache, I do not seem to be very happy. Therefor to look deeply at the present moment and see that I have a nontoothache, that can make me very happy already.”
Take a moment to reflect on one or two recent physical ailments or illnesses in the body or mind which are no longer present. Perhaps any of the afflictions of allergies, a persistent cough, a toothache, food poisoning, or joint or muscle pain. Remember how it felt, how difficult and challenging certain aspects of asana practice, or sitting practice, or sleeping, or getting dressed, or general life were. Notice how easy it is now. You’re not just fine or ok, you are nontoothache! Allow joy and gratitude for your healthy eye, tooth, elbow, hamstring, toe to well up and infuse you. Sense, perhaps, an appreciation for your life.
What would it be like to infuse a week with this type of reflection?